If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Differential wear and plastic deformation as causes of squat at track local stiffness change combined with other track short defects

$61.74 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Squats have become a major problem in the track of many railways. In the quest for the root causes of squats, it is observed that they are occasionally found at locations of track stiffness changes such as at fish-plated insulated joints and at switches and crossings. Obviously, there should be other factors in the track, which, together with the stiffness change, have played important roles otherwise there will be squats at all such locations. A validated hybrid multibody-finite element model of vehicle-track vertical interaction is extended to simulate the frictional dynamic rolling contact at a fish-plated insulated joint in order to identify such factors. Elastic-plastic rail material property is taken into account. It is found that it is track short defect in the preload condition of the bolts and the contact between the fishplates and the rail head, which together with the stiffness change, causes large normal and longitudinal contact force variation at the fishplate end so that differential wear and differential plastic deformation may accumulate at a fixed location. With proper wavelength, the accumulated rail top geometry deviation may grow into a squat. The significance of the present work lies in that other track short defects such as damaged and improper railpads and fastening, and ballast voids may also have such effects, which may be responsible for a large portion of the many squats in the tracks. This gives the direction for further work.

Keywords: differential plastic deformation; differential wear; rolling contact; squat; vehicle-track interaction

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00423110801935855

Affiliations: 1: Section of Road and Railway Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands 2: Infra Management Railsystems, Department of Civil Technology, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Publication date: September 1, 2008

Related content

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more