Automatic Steering Based on Roadway Markers: From Highway Driving to Precision Docking
Abstract:Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is an effective alternative for providing rail-like corridor transit service. An advanced BRT concept involves the use of automated buses to provide functions of a rail transit system. A vehicle under automatic steering control following a prescribed trajectory is operated like a train on a rail. A lateral position sensing that uses roadway markers, such as magnetic markers embedded under the roadway, as lateral reference is one of the promising approaches for a reliable sensing system. The BRT concept requires the steering control system to consistently perform all necessary steering functions from high speed driving to low speed precision docking. This paper describes a single steering controller that achieves all performance objectives. Various data collected during several public demonstrations are presented in this paper to illustrate the effectiveness of the approach. These data include the following automatic steering control scenarios: over 100 mph high-speed driving, high-g maneuvers, sharp curve following, and low speed precision docking.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-05-01