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Discharge Characteristics of Polydisperse Powders through Conical Hoppers. Part 1: Predictions for Fine, Granular, Free Flowing Powders

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Discharge characteristics of fine polydisperse granular powders of equal-solid density and near-spherical particle shape through a conical hopper were investigated by measuring solid discharge rates of powders. Effects of orifice size of hopper and size distribution of powders on discharge rate were determined by means of experiments conducted for six different sizes of hopper orifice and three different powder types under gravity flow conditions. A new effective mean diameter characterizing polydisperse powders is first introduced and determined from the particle size versus weight fraction distribution of a powder as the size corresponding to 50% cumulative weight fraction. This effective mean diameter was efficiently used in two modified forms of the Beverloo equation to predict discharge rates of polydisperse powders through hopper orifices.
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Keywords: conical hoppers; polydisperse powders; solid discharge rate

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey

Publication date: 2004-10-01

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