Nitrogen Incorporation into Lignite Humic Acids during Microbial Degradation
Previous study showed that nitrogen content in lignite humic acids (HA) increased significantly during lignite biodegradation. In this paper we evaluated the factors responsible for the increased level of N in HA and the formation of new nitrogen compound following microbial degradation. When the ammonium sulfate concentration in lignite medium was < 0.5%, the N-content in HA was higher than that in the crude lignite humic acid (cHA); when the ammonium sulfate concentration was ≥ 0.5%, both the biodegraded humic acid (bHA) N-content and the content of bHA in lignite increased significantly, but at 2.0% no increase was observed. This indicated that HA incorporated N existing in the lignite medium, and more HA can incorporate more N with the increase of bHA amount in lignite during microbial degradation. CP/MAS 15N NMR analysis showed that the N incorporated into HA during biotransformation was in the form of free or ionized NH2-groups in amino acids and sugars, as well as NH4+. We propose nitrogen can be incorporated into HA biotically and abiotically. The high N content bHA has a potential application in agriculture since N is essential for plant growth.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: State Key Lab for Agrobiotechnology, College of Biological Sciences and Center of Biomass Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, PR, China
Publication date: 01 October 2009