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Paths of Influence: The Direct and Indirect Determinants of Marine Managed Area Success

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An analysis of the factors associated with the outcomes of marine managed areas (MMAs) located near two distinct types of communities—those whose economies are highly dependent on fishing, and those whose economies are more diverse—is presented. A path analytic approach is used to investigate both direct and indirect effects of selected independent variables on MMA project outcomes. Results indicate that enforcement should not be excessively noticeable or heavy handed, particularly in communities that rely on fishing for their livelihoods; engaging in capacity-building activities in communities where they are not needed not only wastes management resources but may in fact have a negative effect on project outcomes; and improved accountability in the management of the MMA is probably more important than other more costly activities.

Keywords: institutional analysis; marine managed areas; path analysis

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics,University of Connecticut, Storrs,Connecticut, USA 2: Agricultural and Resource Economics/CT Sea Grant, University of Connecticut-Avery Point,Groton, Connecticut, USA and The WorldFish Center, Penang, Malaysia

Publication date: 2012-05-01

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