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The Perceived Impact of Customary Marine Resource Management on Household and Community Welfare in Northern Sumatra, Indonesia

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This article examines the influence of socioeconomic factors on the perceived success of customary management systems in Indonesia. We test the hypothesis that socioeconomic conditions will differ between fishermen who perceive the system has positive impacts on household and community well-being compared to those with negative or neutral perceptions. We found out that a majority of respondents think that this system is beneficial. The socioeconomic conditions that are related to the different perceptions are wealth, local participation in resource management, level of trust, and involvement in community events.

Keywords: Indonesia; common property; customary management; fisheries; social– ecological systems

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences,James Cook University, Townsville,Queensland, Australia 2: Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies,James Cook University, Townsville,Queensland, Australia 3: Wildlife Conservation Society,Indonesia Program, Sabang, Indonesia

Publication date: May 1, 2012

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