An Overview of Spatial Management and Marine Protected Areas in the East China Sea
Abstract:Marine ecosystems of the East China Sea are rich in biodiversity, with 12,933 species of which approximately 47.7% are endemic. As anthropogenic impacts are intensifying, fishery resources and biodiversity in the East China Sea are under threat from overfishing, habitat loss, pollution, and biological invasions. Marine protected areas (MPAs) and other spatial management measures are believed useful tools to protect and restore biological resources. Seventeen nature reserves, seven special marine reserves, and three fishery resource conservation zones covering a combined area of 102,156 km2 have so far been established in the Chinese East China Sea in order to protect fishery resources, biodiversity, and marine landscapes. This article provides a review and inventory of MPAs in the Chinese East China Sea as implemented by the People's Republic of China.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences under the State Environmental Protection Administration of China, Nanjing, China 2: School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University Newcastle, Upon Tyne, UK 3: Laboratorio di Biologica, CNR-IAMC, Sicily, Italy
Publication date: 2008-10-01