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The Role of Participatory Governance and Community-Based Management in Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management in Canada

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There is compelling evidence that participatory governance is crucial for contending with complex problems of managing for multiple values and outcomes to achieve ecological sustainability and economic development. Canada's Oceans Act, and federal oceans policy provide a strong basis for the participatory governance and community-based management of coastal and large ocean resources. The implementation of the Oceans Act and oceans policy has resulted in some steps toward participatory governance but has not adequately provided the mechanisms for a strong role for communities in integrated coastal and ocean management (ICOM). In order to strengthen and develop community participation in ICOM, nine initiatives are recommended: (1) shifting paradigms, (2) overcoming 'turf protection,' (3) ensuring compatibility of goals, (4) ensuring sufficiency of information, (5) dealing with internal community stratification, (6) creating cross-scale linkages, (7) creating a participatory policy environment, (8) building community capacity, and (9) monitoring and assessment of local-level initiatives.

Keywords: capacity-building; community-based management; cross-scale linkages; integrated management; oceans policy; participatory governance

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: John F. Kearney & Associates, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada 2: Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada 3: Management Science/Environmental Studies, St. Mary's University, hali, Nova Scotia, Canada 4: School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada 5: Department of Anthropology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Publication date: January 1, 2007

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