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Community Participation in Marine Protected Area Implementation: A Case Study of the Sitka Local Area Management Plan

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Abstract:

This article has two goals: (1) to consider the underlying semantic confusion surrounding the promotion of “social science” in the design and establishment of marine protected areas and (2) to demonstrate the successful community processes that led to the designation of Sitka, Alaska's Local Area Management Plan (LAMP) for halibut fishing in the vicinity of Sitka. Uniting a collection of diverse “social” issues creates ambiguity in actual problem solving—extensive generalization can not resolve a specific issue. The Sitka LAMP is a specific case with clear details and a traceable history of success, designed to sustain the healthy status of Sitka's local halibut resource. The development of the Sitka LAMP designation demonstrates the importance of community collaboration and exhibits methods that could potentially be modeled in other locations.

Keywords: Sitka; marine protected areas; social science

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08920750600860597

Affiliations: University of Washington School of Marine Affairs, Seattle, Washington, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2006

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