The Evolution of Citizen Coastal Conservation Activities in Japan
Abstract:Since the period of rapid industrialization, citizen movements aimed at conserving the coastal environment have patiently continued struggling in many coastal areas in Japan. In the 1990s, such citizen activities remarkably intensified and diversified, with approaches to issues that are more organized and scientific. These activities are best characterized as networking with other groups and sectors, and they may be placed into three categories: (1) monitoring of animals/habitats, (2) calls for public awareness, and (3) actions to improve the environment. Several cases will be considered with an emphasis on rather new ways for citizens to contribute to coastal conservation by supporting fishermen who take good care of the marine resources.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute of Socio-economic Planning, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba Science City, Japan
Publication date: October 1, 2004