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Community Participation in Marine Protected Area Management: Wakatobi National Park, Sulawesi, Indonesia

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Abstract:

Coral reef areas are threatened worldwide by growing populations, tourism development, and use of poison and dynamite in fishing in areas adjacent to the reefs. The designation of marine protected areas is one strategy for addressing these problems. Wakatobi National Park, established in Eastern Indonesia in 1996, contains approximately 50,000 ha of coral reefs and a resident population of Sama-Bajo people whose traditions and current livelihoods tie them closely to the sea. The present research, using participatory rural appraisal methods, focused upon the impact of the designation of the Marine Park on their lives and investigated the potential for public participation in park planning and management. The Wakatobi Park Management Plan does not address the needs and interests of local people. Priority should be placed on adaptation of park zoning and protection regulations to accommodate the livelihood requirements of indigenous communities.

Keywords: INDONESIA; MARINE PROTECTED AREAS; PARTICIPATORY MANAGEMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/089207501750475118

Publication date: October 1, 2001

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