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A Multipurpose, Artificial Reef at Mount Maunganui Beach, New Zealand

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Abstract:

A multipurpose, artificial, offshore reef has been designed for construction at Mount Maunganui Beach, New Zealand. The proposed reef will form the basis for research into coastal protection, amenity enhancement (particularly surfing, but also diving, fishing, and beach recreation), biological response, and social and economic impacts. In order to proceed with reef construction, a five-year resource permit is being sought from the regulatory authority, and this application required an assessment of the likely environmental impacts of the proposed reef. The studies undertaken for the assessment included the examination of physical, biological, social, and economic impacts. A comprehensive design process was undertaken to incorporate the amenity of surfing into a submerged reef shape. Programs to monitor physical and biological responses, as well as social and economic impacts, were also established. These studies support the use of multipurpose, artificial, offshore reefs as an environmentally friendly solution to coastal protection. The reefs also cater to the growing demand for more coastal-amenity development.

Keywords: AMENITY ENHANCEMENT; ARTIFICIAL OFFSHORE REEF; BIOLOGICAL ENHANCEMENT; COASTAL PROTECTION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT; MULTIPURPOSE; SURFING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/089207599263767

Publication date: 1999-10-01

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