High-Efficiency Unipolar Charger for Sub-10 nm Aerosol Particles Using Surface-Discharge Microplasma with a Voltage of Sinc Function
Abstract:Our group developed a high-performance unipolar charger for sub-10-nm particles using a surface-discharge microplasma by increasing the charging time and minimizing the electrostatic deposition loss of the charged particles. An investigation of the discharge voltages of various discharge voltage waveforms demonstrated that a sinc function of time, t, that is, (sin ωt)/ωt with a bias voltage, achieved a high extrinsic charging efficiency (a high yield of charged particles) by generating a high concentration of ions and suppressing the electrostatic deposition of the charged particles. In trial operation at the optimal discharge voltage and an aerosol flow rate of 2.5 L/min, the charger attained intrinsic and extrinsic charging efficiencies of 79.3 and 61.4% for 10-nm particles and intrinsic and extrinsic charging efficiencies of 48.0 and 34.6% for 5-nm particles, respectively.
Copyright 2013 American Association for Aerosol Research
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Chemical and Material Engineering, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology,Kanazawa University, Kakuma,Kanazawa, Japan
Publication date: January 1, 2013