Aerosol Light Extinction Measurements by Cavity Attenuated Phase Shift (CAPS) Spectroscopy: Laboratory Validation and Field Deployment of a Compact Aerosol Particle Extinction Monitor
Authors: Massoli, Paola; Kebabian, Paul; Onasch, Timothy; Hills, Frank; Freedman, Andrew
Source: Aerosol Science and Technology, Volume 44, Number 6, June 2010 , pp. 428-435(8)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd
Abstract:We present laboratory and field measurements of aerosol light extinction (σep) using an instrument that employs Cavity Attenuated Phase Shift (CAPS) spectroscopy. The CAPS extinction monitor comprises a light emitting diode (LED), an optical cavity that acts as the sample cell, and a vacuum photodiode for light detection. The particle σep is determined from changes in the phase shift of the distorted waveform of the square-wave modulated LED light that is transmitted through the optical cell. The 3-σ detection limit of the CAPS monitor under dry particle-free air is 3 Mm-1 for 1s integration time. Laboratory measurements of absolute particle extinction cross section (σext) using non-absorbing, monodisperse polystyrene latex (PSL) spheres are made with an average precision of ± 3% (2-σ) at both 445 and 632 nm. A comparison with Mie theory scattering calculations indicates that these results are accurate within the 10% uncertainty stated for the particle number density measurements. The CAPS extinction monitor was deployed twice in 2009 to test its robustness and performance outside of the laboratory environment. During these field campaigns, a co-located Multi Angle Absorption Photometer (MAAP) provided particle light absorption coefficient (σap) at 635 nm: the single scattering albedo (ω) of the ambient aerosol particles was estimated by combining the CAPS σep measured at 632 nm with the MAAP σap data. Our initial results show the high potential of the CAPS as lightweight, compact instrument to perform precise and accurate σep measurements of atmospheric aerosol particles in both laboratory and field conditions.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2010-06-01