Generation of Internally Mixed Insoluble and Soluble Aerosol Particles to Investigate the Impact of Atmospheric Aging and Heterogeneous Processing on the CCN Activity of Mineral Dust Aerosol
Source: Aerosol Science and Technology, Volume 41, Number 10, October 2007 , pp. 914-924(11)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd
Abstract:Heterogeneous reactions of trace gases with mineral dust aerosol not only impact the chemical balance of the atmosphere but also the physicochemical properties of the dust particle and the ability of the particle to act as a cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Recent field studies have shown that carbonate minerals are preferentially associated with nitrates whereas aluminum silicates (i.e., clay minerals) are preferentially associated with sulfates. To better understand how this association can impact the climate effects of mineral dust particles, we have measured the CCN activity of a number of pure and internal mixtures of aerosols relevant to these recent field studies. The CCN activity of CaCO3-Ca(NO3)2 aerosol, simulating the activity of mineral dust aerosol that has been partially processed by nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere, is significantly enhanced relative to CaCO3 aerosol of the same diameter. Similar results are obtained for a clay mineral, kaolinite, internally mixed with (NH4)2SO4. For example, at 0.3% supersaturation, a 200 nm particle containing a soluble nitrate or sulfate component is 2 to 4 times more active than an unreacted particle. The results presented here show that when determining the contribution of mineral dust aerosol to the overall impact of the aerosol indirect effect on radiative forcing, changes in chemical composition due to atmospheric processing cannot be ignored.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA 2: Department of Chemistry, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA,Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Publication date: 2007-10-01