Transport and deposition of angular fibrous particles in turbulent channel flows were studied. The instantaneous fluid velocity field was generated by the direct numerical simulation (DNS) of the Navier-Stokes equation via a pseudo-spectral method. An angular fibers was assumed to consist of two elongated ellipsoids attached at their tips. For a dilute suspension of fibers, a one-way coupling assumption was used in that the flow carries the fibers, but the coupling effect of the fiber on the flow was neglected. The particle equations of motion used included the hydrodynamic forces and torques, the shear-induced lift and the gravitational forces. The hydrodynamic interactions of the high aspect ratio linkage were assumed to be negligibly small. Euler's four parameters (quaternions) were used for describing the time evolution of fiber orientations. Ensembles of fiber trajectories and orientations in turbulent channel flows were generated and statistically analyzed. The results were compared with those for spherical particles and straight fibers and their differences were discussed. Effects of fiber size, aspect ratio, fiber angle, turbulence near wall eddies, and various forces were studied. The DNS predictions were compared with experimental data for straight fibers and a proposed empirical equation model.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York, USA
Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology Research, Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
Publication date: 2007-05-01
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