Performance Comparison of Scanning Electrical Mobility Spectrometers
Source: Aerosol Science and Technology, Volume 41, Number 4, April 2007 , pp. 360-368(9)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd
Abstract:Scanning electrical mobility spectrometers (SEMS) are commonly used for near real-time ultrafine particle size distribution measurements. Analysis of SEMS measurements to calculate particle size distributions requires detailed understanding of instrument characteristics and operation. Varying instrument designs are used in the different commercial SEMS systems, and data analysis with these instruments requires accurate knowledge of their relative performance. In this study, an experimental approach to evaluate and reconcile differences between different SEMS instruments is established. This approach is used to characterize the relative performance of two SEMS systems - TSI's SMPS 3936-L22 and MSP's WPS XP1000 - for particle sizes in the range of 20 to 300 nm. In these tests, the instruments were operated under a low flowrate condition with aerosol and sheath air flows of 0.3 and 3 LPM, respectively. Measurements show that the particle sizing characteristics of the instruments are very consistent with each other over the entire range of particle sizes studied. Particle number characteristics are dependent on the treatment of particle losses in the system and accounting of non-idealities of transfer function. The number concentrations reported by two instruments are generally consistent with each other and with an upstream reference counter for particle sizes larger than ∼ 90 nm. For smaller particles, the low flowrate operation of the two systems results in significant penetration losses. A net particle detection efficiency (NPDE) factor for the two systems was determined from experiments with monodisperse aerosol. This factor is seen to be effective in characterizing and reconciling measurements made with these two SEMS instruments.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2007