Absolute Mass and Size Measurement of Monodisperse Particles Using a Modified Millikan's Method: Part I—Theoretical Framework of the Electro-Gravitational Aerosol Balance
Abstract:A new method for accurate mass and size measurement of monodisperse particles is proposed. In this method, charged aerosol particles are introduced into parallel plate electrodes similar to the Millikan cell, and the number of particles left suspended after a certainty holding time has elapsed is measured. The particle survival rate as a function of the voltage applied to the electrodes is used to determine the particle mass. The particle size is deduced by using the particle density which is determined in a separate experiment. The expression of the particle survival function, which is defined as the survival rate as a function of the mass, for particles with and without Brownian diffusion is derived. The sensitivity of this method to the number average diameter, as well as other size distribution parameters, is analyzed on the basis of the survival function.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
Publication date: 2006-07-01