Laboratory and Field Test of a Sampling Method for Characterization of Combustion Aerosols at High Temperatures
Abstract:The objective of this study was to design and experimentally examine a sampling method for high-temperature aerosols from biomass combustion, in which nucleation and condensation from fly ash forming vapors is controlled. The sampling method includes a high-temperature probe in which the hot gas is diluted and then cooled. Laboratory results from sampling a model aerosol with known concentrations of SiO2 particles and KCl vapor showed that when using a high dilution ratio, the KCl vapor was effectively separated from the aerosol by deposition onto the probe walls. When a lower dilution ratio was used, the KCl vapor generated a distinct nucleation mode when cooled in the probe. The sampling method was also used for sampling flue gas from a circulating fluidized bed boiler fired with forest residues. The results suggest that the major fractions of Ca, K, S, and Zn were present as particles at 780°C, whereas most of the Cl and Pb were present as gases. The field results are consistent with results previously reported and indicate that the method can be used for efficient and precise characterization of high-temperature combustion aerosols containing inorganic vapors.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Division of Bioenergy, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden 2: Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden 3: Division of Nuclear Physics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Publication date: 2004-08-01