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Open Access A Study of Particle Rebounding Characteristics of a Gas–Particle Flow over a Curved Wall Surface

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Abstract:

The particle rebounding characteristics of a gas–particle flow over a cylindrical body is investigated. With the aid of both computational and experimental approaches, the mean particle flow patterns, comprising both incident and rebound particles resulting from the impact of particles on a curved wall surface, are examined. In the experimental investigation, a two-dimensional Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) technique is used in the immediate vicinity of the body surface to measure the instantaneous incident and rebound particle velocities. The Reynolds-Averaging Navier-Stokes equations are solved for the continuum gas phase, and the results are used in conjunction with a Lagrangian trajectory model to predict the particle-rebound behavior in the immediate vicinity of the cylindrical wall. The computational observations, also confirmed through experiments, reveal a particle rebound zone where the mean particle flow pattern is significantly modified due to the contribution of the rebound particles during the process of particle–wall impact interaction. This particle rebound zone is found to be a function of mainly the Stokes number (particle inertia), and to a lesser extent on the fluid Reynolds number (gas flow condition), except for high gas flow velocities and restitution coefficients (particle-wall impact characteristics). Analysis of the effect of the above-mentioned parameters on the rebounding particle flow characteristics and their interrelationship has provided a better understanding of the behavior of particle flow impinging on a solid wall body. The beneficial contributions of the experimental and computational approaches in their ability to better quantify the particle–wall impact interaction phenomena present additional foundational investigations that could be further undertaken to better comprehend the particle behavior in curved wall surfaces. Such invaluable information has direct applications to industrial devices such as commercial heat exchangers and inertial impactors.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02786820490490128

Affiliations: 1: School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Victoria, Australia 2: , PMB 1, Menai, NSW, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia 3: Centre for Modelling and Process Simulation Research, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia

Publication date: July 1, 2004

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