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Open Access The Filtration of Fibrous Aerosols

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Fibrous particles constitute an important class of aerosols that are potential human health hazards. Filters can remove aerosols from the air. The capture of spherical and fibrous aerosols by fibrous filters was investigated in this study. The governing equations of motions for translation and rotation of fibrous particles are derived for airflow over a cylindrical object. Only impaction and interception losses were considered in this study. Transport and deposition of fibrous particles were found to depend on Stokes number, fibrous particle aspect ratio, and ratio of the fibrous particle diameter to the diameter of fibrous filters. Using the Kuwabara flow field, transport and single-fibrous filter capturing efficiency of spherical and fibrous particles were calculated numerically, and these calculations were compared with available data in the literature. The calculated results compared favorably with the results of Yeh and Liu (1974) for spherical particles. Good agreement for losses by interception for both spherical and fibrous particles was observed between our results and those of Lee and Liu (1982). Further experimental data are needed to verify the predicted losses of fibrous aerosols by impaction.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 2: Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Publication date: 2002-01-01

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