Cassava mosaic disease (CMD), and cassava mosaic geminiviruses (CMGs), were investigated in a country-wide survey conducted in six cassava-producing prefectures (administrative regions) of Rwanda in 2001. CMD occurred throughout the country at an average incidence of 30%. Incidence was highest in Kigali (44%) and lowest in Butare (11%). Cutting infection resulting from the use of CMD-affected planting material was the main type of infection. Disease symptoms were generally severe, with little difference between cultivars or locations. Most affected plants lacked the ‘candle-stick' symptoms characteristic of severe CMD associated with infection by the ‘Uganda Variant' of East African cassava mosaic virus (EACMV-UG2). PCR analysis detected two viruses in CMD-affected plants: African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV) and EACMV-UG2. ACMV predominated and occurred throughout the surveyed areas, whereas EACMV-UG2 was restricted to the prefectures of Byumba, which border south-western Uganda and Kibungo in south-eastern Rwanda. No dual infections were detected.
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cassava mosaic disease;
cassava mosaic geminiviruses
Document Type: Research Article
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Centre, Kampala, Uganda
Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, Kent, UK
Institut des Sciences Agronomiques, Rwanda
ATDT/IITA-Rwanda, Butare, Rwanda
Publication date: 01 January 2005
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