Eddy-feature phytoplankton bloom induced by a tropical cyclone in the South China Sea
Abstract:This is the first report on an eddy-feature phytoplankton bloom induced by a tropical cyclone (the spiral structure of the bloom was coincident with that of a cold eddy) in the South China Sea (SCS). Applying satellite data, this report can furnish fresh evidence of the relationship between the bloom and the cold eddy. Tropical cyclone Linfa passed over the northern SCS from 16 to 21 June 2009. While it looped over for 2 days (from 17 to 19 June), a cold eddy, which lasted for 11 days in the looping area, was observed on 18 June. Subsequently, an eddy-feature phytoplankton bloom (central location: 18° N, 117.5° E) was detected on 22 June and it remained for 17 days. The character of both the cold eddy and the bloom was rotating counterclockwise, with two arms. High Ekman pumping velocity (>4.5 × 10−4 m s−1) was estimated during the passage of Linfa (from 17 to 19 June). The monthly climatology of the mixed layer depth was about 20 m in June, and the maximum Ekman layer depth was about 346 m after Linfa. The analysis indicated that Linfa may have induced the cold eddy, where it looped around. With upwelling and entrainment, the eddy potentially provided nutrients to the bloom in the surface water. The results suggested that the sea surface current changes that Linfa induced had caused the bloom in an eddy feature. Tropical cyclones appear frequently in the SCS, which may affect the activities of mesoscale eddies in this area.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Research Centre for Remote Sensing of Marine Ecology and Environment (RSMEE), State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography,South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou,510301, PR China
Publication date: December 10, 2012