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Normalized sensitivity measures for leaf area index estimation using three-band spectral vegetation indices

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A great number of spectral vegetation indices (SVIs) have been developed to estimate key biophysical parameters such as leaf area index (LAI). Considerable interest is often given to the local optimization, performance analysis and sensitivity of each spectral band and SVI for LAI estimation given that several confounding factors are present. In this regard, inclusion of shortwave infrared (SWIR) reflectance in traditionally near-infrared (NIR)-red (R)-based SVIs has played a great role for local optimization and increased sensitivity of SVIs to LAI. This study presents the enhanced and normalized sensitivity functions for evaluating (1) the sensitivity of each spectral band and SVI to LAI and (2) the generic performance analysis of empirical model to estimate LAI based on the SVIs. Several alternatives for three-band (NIR-R-SWIR) SVI modifications have been recommended and proven to be simplistic and unbiased way of local optimization.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Geography, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Publication date: 2011-04-01

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