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Impact of 3DVAR assimilation of Doppler Weather Radar wind data and IMD observation for the prediction of a tropical cyclone

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This study aims to investigate the impact of the Three-Dimensional Variational (3DVAR) assimilation of Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) wind data together with the India Meteorological Department (IMD) upper air and surface data for the prediction of a tropical cyclone, which formed over the Bay of Bengal. The National Centers for Environmental Prediction Final Analyses (NCEP FNL) data are used to produce initial conditions. Three numerical experiments were designed to study the effect of 3DVAR assimilation. For the first experiment, the model integrations were performed without any assimilation of observations. IMD upper air and surface observations were assimilated using 3DVAR for the second experiment and the third experiment assimilated DWR wind data along with IMD observations. The model results are compared with one another and also with the observations. The results of the study indicate that the assimilation of DWR wind data and IMD data have resulted in improvements in the simulation of strong vertical velocity, higher warm core temperature and strong gradients in the horizontal wind speed as well as improved spatial distribution of the precipitation.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India 2: Cyclone Detection Radar, Regional Meteorological Centre, India Meteorological Department, Kolkata, India

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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