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Hourly evapotranspiration derived from NOAA-AVHRR visible and GOES-IMAGER thermal infrared data

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In previous studies, remotely sensed values of evapotranspiration are generally computed using a simplified surface energy budget model that employs a semi-empirical coefficient with combinations of Sun-synchronous satellite data and ground-based data. This approach has two main limitations, however: Sun-synchronous satellites have low temporal resolution and the estimation is limited only to a local point around the meteorological station because the models require the aid of ground-base measurements, especially air temperature. This study reduced both limitations through the supplemental use of geostationary satellite (GOES-8) data and remotely sensed estimates of all necessary parameters, including net radiation, air temperature and surface temperature. In particular, air temperature, which is an important meteorological parameter in evapotranspiration estimation, was reproduced through third-order polynomial multiple regressions (R2 = 0.88; root mean square (rms) error = 2.21 °C). The coefficient needed for the hourly estimate of evapotranspiration was represented through both a Gaussian model and a plane model. The models were constructed using surface roughness length and Sun hour angle, which replaced wind speed - a parameter that is difficult to estimate remotely over land. Assessments show that the models can depict the temporal distributions of empirical coefficients over various land-cover types. The standard error of this coefficient estimate was 0.002 mm h-1 K-1 for both time periods. A strong correlation (R2 > 0.87; rms. error <0.17 mm h-1) was found in comparisons between the selected potential and remotely sensed actual evapotranspiration for four land-cover classes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Satellite Information Sciences, Pukyong National University, 599-1 Daiyeon-3, Namgu, Busan, Korea 2: Departement des Sciences Geomatiques, Laboratoire de geomatique agricole et d'agriculture de precision, Pavillon Louis-Jaques Casault, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada 3: Departement de Genie Civil, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada

Publication date: 2010-04-01

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