An algorithm to estimate soil moisture over vegetated areas based on in situ and remote sensing information
An algorithm is proposed for estimating soil moisture over vegetated areas. The algorithm uses in situ and remote sensing information and statistical tools to estimate soil moisture at 1 km spatial resolution and at 20 cm depth over Puerto Rico. Soil moisture within the study region is characterized by spatial and temporal variability. The temporal variability for a given area exhibits long- and short-term variations that can be expressed by two empirical models. The average monthly soil moisture exhibits the long-term variability and is modelled by an artificial neural network (ANN), whereas the short-term variability is determined by hourly variation and is represented by a nonlinear stochastic transfer function model. Monthly vegetation index, land surface temperature, accumulated rainfall and soil texture are the major drivers of the ANN to estimate the monthly soil moisture. Radar, satellite and in situ observations are the major sources of information of the soil moisture empirical models. A self-organized ANN was also used to identify spatial variability to be able to determine a similar transfer function that best resembles the properties of a particular grid point and estimate the hourly soil moisture across the island. Validation techniques reveal an average absolute error of 3.34% of volumetric water content and this result shows that the proposed algorithm is a potential tool for estimating soil moisture over vegetated areas.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Industrial Engeering, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR
Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA, USA
Publication date: 2010-03-01
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