Association between ENSO and extremes in total ozone content over northern India
Using daily station total ozone column (TOC) data from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) onboard the Nimbus-7 satellite, an association between the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and extremes in TOC content has been revealed during the period 1979-1993 over northern India in the winter season. From lag-simultaneous correlations of extremes in ozone with Nino 3.4 sea surface temperatures (SSTs), it is seen that, during this season, the highest TOC values show a strong positive relationship at the beginning of the preceding year with the occurrence of the highest values for all the stations. A weak relationship is observed up to the month of July and its sign is then reversed. The negative but weak relationship continues until the occurrence of the event, becoming positive again afterwards. On the contrary, the occurrence of the lowest values shows opposite features. The analysis indicates that the increase in SSTs during the first half of the preceding year is favourable for an increase in the highest values occurring over different stations while the increase in SSTs during the latter half of the preceding year is favourable for an increase in the lowest values of ozone. The lag-simultaneous correlations of the low/high ozone days and the mean TOC values occurring during the winter season also suggest a significant positive relationship for the frequency of the high ozone days at the beginning of the preceding year, becoming weaker as time progresses. Although both features show that the relationship is statistically significant for only a few months of the preceding year, it gives a broad indication of the association between ENSO and the extremes in the TOC amount in addition to local/geographical factors.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India
Publication date: 2010-03-01