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Improving flood monitoring by the Robust AVHRR Technique (RAT) approach: the case of the April 2000 Hungary flood

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Abstract:

In the past, satellite remote sensing techniques have been widely used within the flood risk management cycle. In particular, there have been many demonstrations of the operational use of satellite data for detailed monitoring and mapping of floods and for post-flood damage assessment. When frequent situation reports are requested (e.g. in the emergency phase or for early warning purposes) to assist civil protection activities, high temporal resolution satellites (mainly meteorological, with revisiting times from hours to minutes) can play a strategic role. In this paper, a new Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) technique for monitoring flooded areas is presented. Its performances are evaluated in comparison with other well-known approaches, analysing the flood event that occurred in Hungary during April 2000 involving the Tisza and Timis Rivers. The preliminary results seem to indicate the benefits of such a new technique, especially when different observational conditions are considered. In fact, compared with previously proposed techniques, the proposed approach: (a) is completely automatic (i.e. unsupervised with no need for operator intervention); (b) improves flooded-area detection capabilities strongly reducing false alarms; and (c) automatically discriminates (without the need for ancillary information) flooded areas from permanent water bodies. Moreover, it is globally applicable and, because of the complete independence on the specific satellite platform, is easily exportable to different satellite packages.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431160902942902

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Methodologies for Environment Analysis (IMAA), National Research Council (CNR), Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy 2: Institute of Methodologies for Environment Analysis (IMAA), National Research Council (CNR), Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy,Department of Engineering and Physics of Environment (DIFA), University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy 3: Department of Engineering and Physics of Environment (DIFA), University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy,Institute of Methodologies for Environment Analysis (IMAA), National Research Council (CNR), Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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