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Spatio-temporal modelling and analysis of urban heat islands by using Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery

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In this paper we propose a method for characterizing UHIs by using a non-parametric model. Landsat 5 and 7 images obtained over the city of Indianapolis were used for analysis of UHI over space and time. The images were subjected to kernel convolution implementing Gaussian bi-variate function for non-parametric characterization of the UHI. The convoluted images were then analyzed, for pattern over space and over time. It was found that the spread of the UHI in Indianapolis increased from 13.90 km to 21.63 km in the west-east direction and from 10.98 km to 15.90 km in the north-south direction from 1985 to 2000. The changes in the UHI from 1995 to 2000 were evident in all cardinal directions. The model aided in successfully characterizing UHI in terms of its location, spread, and the rate of increase, facilitating a clearer image of UHI through space and time.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Center for Urban and Environmental Change, Department of Geography, Geology and Anthropology, 177 Science Building, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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