Spectral identification of ozone-damaged pine needles
Needles were collected from ponderosa and Jeffrey pine trees at three sites in the Sierra Nevada, and were assembled into 504 samples and grouped according to five dominant live needle conditions - green, winter fleck, sucking insect damage, scale insect damage, and ozone damage - and a random mixture. Reflectance and transmittance measurements of abaxial and adaxial surfaces were obtained at ca 0.3 nm spectral resolution from 400-800 nm, and binned to simulate Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data. There were no significant differences in optical properties between the two surfaces. Ozone-damaged needles were collected from Jeffrey pine trees at one site, and exhibited significantly different (family-wise α = 0.01) reflectance and transmittance signatures - and significantly different signature slopes - at both spectral resolutions, from green and winter fleck needles from the same site. Ozone-damaged needles had significantly different (family-wise α = 0.01) abaxial surface reflectance and reflectance slope signatures from all other groups of needles, at both spectral resolutions. In comparison with three chlorophyll reflectance indices, a new red fall index (RFI) provides high classification accuracies for ozone-damaged and non-ozone-damaged pine needles (overall acc. = 94%; = 59%). Thus, ozone-damaged Jeffrey pine needles have a unique spectral signature in relation to dominant needle conditions of ponderosa and Jeffrey pine trees.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, College of Natural Resources, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3114, USA
Publication date: 2009-01-01