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Comparative study between a new nonlinear model and common linear model for analysing laboratory simulated-forest hyperspectral data

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The spectral unmixing of mixed pixels is a key factor in remote sensing images, especially for hyperspectral imagery. A commonly used approach to spectral unmixing has been linear unmixing. However, the question of whether linear or nonlinear processes dominate spectral signatures of mixed pixels is still an unresolved matter. In this study, we put forward a new nonlinear model for inferring end-member fractions within hyperspectral scenes. This study focuses on comparing the nonlinear model with a linear model. A detail comparative analysis of the fractions 'sunlit crown', 'sunlit background' and 'shadow' between the two methods was carried out through visualization, and comparing with supervised classification using a database of laboratory simulated-forest scenes. Our results show that the nonlinear model of spectral unmixing outperforms the linear model, especially in the scenes with translucent crown on a white background. A nonlinear mixture model is needed to account for the multiple scattering between tree crowns and background.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Forestry College, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China 2: Department of Earth and Space Science and Engineering, York University, Toronto, Canada

Publication date: 01 January 2009

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