A method is presented for bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) parametrization for topographic correction and surface reflectance estimation from Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) over rugged terrain. Following this reflectance, albedo is calculated accurately. BRDF is parametrized using a land-cover map and Landsat TM to build a BRDF factor to remove the variation of relative solar incident angle and relative sensor viewing angle per pixel. Based on the BRDF factor and radiative transfer model, solar direct radiance correction, sky diffuse radiance and adjacent terrain reflected radiance correction were introduced into the atmospheric-topographic correction method. Solar direct radiance, sky diffuse radiance and adjacent terrain reflected radiance, as well as atmospheric transmittance and path radiance, are analysed in detail and calculated per pixel using a look-up table (LUT) with a digital elevation model (DEM). The method is applied to Landsat TM imagery that covers a rugged area in Jiangxi province, China. Results show that atmospheric and topographic correction based on BRDF gives better surface reflectance compared with sole atmospheric correction and two other useful atmospheric-topographic correction methods. Finally, surface albedo is calculated based on this topography-corrected reflectance and shows a reasonable accuracy in albedo estimation.
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Document Type: Research Article
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Jointly Sponsored by the Institute of Remote Sensing Applications of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Publication date: 2009-01-01
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