Skip to main content

Comparative analysis of SRTM-NED vegetation canopy height to LIDAR-derived vegetation canopy metrics

Buy Article:

$60.90 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Vegetation canopy heights derived from the SRTM 30 m grid DEM minus USGS National Elevation Data (NED) DTM were compared to three vegetation metrics derived from a medium footprint LIDAR data (LVIS) for the US Sierra Nevada forest in California. Generally the SRTM minus NED was found to underestimate the vegetation canopy height. Comparing the SRTM-NED-derived heights as a function of the canopy percentile height (shape/vertical structure) derived from LVIS, the SRTM SAR signal was found to penetrate, on average, into about 44% of the canopy and 85% after adjustment of the data. On the canopy type analysis, it was found that the SRTM phase scattering centres occurred at 60% for red fir, 53% for Sierra mixed conifer, 50% for ponderosa pine and 50% for montane hardwood-conifer. Whereas analysing the residual errors of the SRTM-NED minus the LVIS-derived canopy height as a function of LVIS canopy height and cover it was observed that the residuals generally increase with increasing canopy height and cover. Likewise, the behaviour of the RMSE as a function of canopy height and cover was observed to initially increase with canopy height and cover but saturates at 50 m canopy height and 60% canopy cover. On the other hand, the behaviour of the correlation coefficient as a function of canopy height and cover was found to be high at lower canopy height (<15 m) and cover (<20%) and decrease rapidly making a depression at medium canopy heights (>15 m and <50 m) and cover (>20% and <50%). It then increases with increasing canopy height and cover yielding a plateau at canopies higher than 50 m and cover above 70%.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Institute for Digital Image Processing, Joanneum Research, Wastiangasse 6, Graz A-8010, Austria 2: Department of Geography, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more