Soil erosion is a key factor in land degradation processes in the sandy rangelands of the Peninsula Valdes of Patagonia, Argentina. Mapping landform and vegetation patterns is important for improving prediction, monitoring and planning of areas threatened by sand and shrub encroachment. This paper investigates the contribution of optical sensors, such as the Terra Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), and textural measures derived from microwave Radarsat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) to their discrimination. An evaluation is undertaken to compare the classification accuracy achieved by specific regions of the spectrum and their synergistic use in an object-oriented approach. Image segmentation and object-oriented classifications were applied to the datasets. This required defining appropriate fuzzy membership functions for characterizing active and stabilized lineal dunes and the main vegetation classes. Improvements in the discrimination of active and stabilized dunes (vegetated by either scrub or grass) were achieved by using an object-oriented classification that integrated microwave and visible near-infrared (NIR) data. Changes in surface roughness caused by different vegetation types stabilizing the dunes affected the radar backscattering. Whereas Radarsat enabled a clear separation of scrub-stabilized dunes, Terra-ASTER showed superior performance in the cartography of grass-stabilized dunes. The synergistic use of microwave and visible and near-infrared (VNIR) data yielded a substantial increase in the discrimination and mapping of landform/vegetation patterns.
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Document Type: Research Article
Centro Nacional Patagonico CONICET, Puerto Madryn, Chubut, U9120ACV, Argentina
Division of Early Warning and Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme, Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Clayton, Avenida Morse, Building 103, City of Knowledge, Panama City, Panama
Publication date: 01 January 2009
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