Environmental analysis, management and modelling require detailed and precise land-use/land-cover discrimination as initial conditions of land surface characteristics. With the ultimate goal of accurate land surface classification analysis, we devised a fully image-based and physically based correction method (the Integrated Radiometric Correction (IRC) method) considering both the atmospheric and the topographic effects simultaneously, using the information deduced from the satellite images and 5 m resolution DEM data. The overall process is carried out in four steps: (i) calculation of the radiance/irradiance relational expression for horizontal surfaces, (ii) devising the radiance/irradiance relational expression for inclined surfaces, (iii) derivation of solar and land geometric parameters from DEM data, as well as the calculation of the topographic correction factor (A-factor) and the atmospheric transmittance functions, and (iv) retrieval of the corrected surface reflectance and radiance. Using Landsat/ETM+ satellite data, the performance of the formulated IRC method is evaluated visually and statistically. Visual evaluation of radiometrically corrected images shows significant improvements for each band as well as for various bands composites, while the independence between the corrected surface reflectance and radiance, and the topography (incidence angle (i) or solar illumination (cos i)) is shown by very weak correlation coefficients as compared with non-corrected data.