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A multiscale feature fusion approach for classification of very high resolution satellite imagery based on wavelet transform

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A novel methodology based on multiscale spectral and spatial information fusion using wavelet transform is proposed in order to classify very high resolution (VHR) satellite imagery. Conventional wavelet-based feature extraction methods employ single windows of a fixed size, which are not satisfactory as the VHR imagery contains complex and multiscale objects. In this paper, spectral and spatial features are extracted based on a set of concentric windows around a central pixel in order to integrate the information across different windows/scales. The proposed method is made up of three blocks: (1) the conventional wavelet-based feature extraction methods are extended from single band processing to multispectral bands, and from single window to multi-windows, (2) two multiscale fusion algorithms are proposed to exploit the multiscale spectral and spatial information and (3) a support vector machine (SVM), a relatively new method of machine learning, is used to classify the multiscale spectral-spatial feature sets. The proposed classification method is evaluated on two VHR datasets and the results show that the multiscale approach can improve the classification accuracy in homogeneous areas while simultaneously preserving accuracy in edge regions.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, China

Publication date: 2008-10-01

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