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A new vegetation index based on the universal pattern decomposition method

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Abstract:

This study examined a new vegetation index, based on the universal pattern decomposition method (VIUPD). The universal pattern decomposition method (UPDM) allows for sensor-independent spectral analysis. Each pixel is expressed as the linear sum of standard spectral patterns for water, vegetation and soil, with supplementary patterns included when necessary. Pattern decomposition coefficients for each pixel contain almost all the sensor-derived information, while having the benefit of sensor independence. The VIUPD is expressed as a linear sum of the pattern decomposition coefficients; thus, the VIUPD is a sensor-independent index. Here, the VIUPD was used to examine vegetation amounts and degree of terrestrial vegetation vigor; VIUPD results were compared with results by the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), an enhanced vegetation index (EVI) and a conventional vegetation index based on pattern decomposition (VIPD). The results showed that the VIUPD reflects vegetation and vegetation activity more sensitively than the NDVI and EVI.

Keywords: Hyperspectral data; Sensitivity analysis; Sensor-independent; Vegetation index

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431160600857402

Affiliations: 1: National Key Laboratory for Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping, and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, China 2: Laboratory of Nature Information Science, Department of Information and Computer Sciences, Nara Women's University, Nara, 630-8506, Japan 3: Laboratory of Nature Information Science, Department of Information and Computer Sciences, Nara Women's University, Nara, 630-8506, Japan,KYOUSEI Science Center for Life and Nature, Nara Women's University, Nara, 630-8506, Japan 4: Department of Economics, Doshisha University, Kyoto, 602-8580, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2007

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