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Integrating hyperspectral imagery at different scales to estimate component surface temperatures

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Different methods for classifying land cover and extracting temperatures of surface components from hyperspectral images at different scales were compared using airborne imagery (Reflective Optics System Imaging Spectrometer (ROSIS) at 1.2 m spatial resolution and Digital Airborne Imaging Spectrometer (DAIS 7915) at 3.3 m spatial resolution) for a ‘montado/dehesa' landscape in the Alentejo, Portugal. For calibration purposes, surface temperatures and stomatal conductance of component vegetation types were also measured at ground level. Manual classification was compared with a range of automated classification methods to determine the most accurate method for the study area. The ‘scale' for each cover type was characterized by analysing the frequency distribution of contiguous pixels of each cover type at 1.2 m. Temperatures of different surface components were estimated using different combinations of 1.2 m and 3.3 m data (using spectral angle mapper classification) as well as linear spectral unmixing and disaggregation approaches for extracting thermal information at sub‐pixel resolution. The relative advantages of the different methods are discussed and a recommended strategy for integrating hyperspectral imagery at different scales to extract component surface temperatures in montado/dehesa‐type systems is proposed.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Present address: Institute for Landscape Ecology and Resource Management, Justus‐Liebig‐University of Giessen, Heinich‐Buff‐Ring 26, 35392 Giessen, Germany 2: Division of Environmental and Applied Biology, University of Dundee at SCRI, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, Scotland, UK

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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