A study was carried out to estimate field-scale Leaf Area Index (LAI) using fine resolution polar orbiting IRS-1D LISS-III sensor data at 23 m spatial resolution. Three cloud-free scenes on 8 January, 2002 (D1), 30 January, 2002 (D2) and 15 January, 2003 (D3) over two sites in Gujarat, India, were acquired. The sub-scenes encompassing the study area were extracted and geo-registered. Surface reflectances in the red (0.62–0.68 µm) and near-infrared (NIR) (0.77–0.86 µm) bands were generated using 6S atmospheric correction code and coincident ground measurements on aerosol and water vapour. Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), simple ratio (SR) and soil-adjusted vegetation index (SAVI) were computed from the reflectances in the red and NIR. A total of 70 mean measured LAI datasets on wheat and tobacco were used for regression analysis and empirical models were developed between LAI and three vegetation indices (VI). Both exponential and power models gave R 2 between 0.53 and 0.61 except for D2 ( R 2 between 0.04 and 0.11) when wheat was mostly at the post-anthesis stage and the VI–LAI relation seems to be influenced by canopy geometry and angular distribution of leaves. The analysis indicated that with the soil type of the study sites being different, the SAVI-based model had a smaller rms. error ( R 2 = 0.496 and rms. error = 0.685) in estimation of LAI when compared with the SR- ( R 2 = 0.478, rms. error = 0.698) and NDVI- ( R 2 = 0.491, rms. error = 0.689) based models. The LAIs for the study region were estimated by inversion of empirical models and validated against ground-measured data.
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Document Type: Research Article
Crop Inventory and Modelling Division, Agricultural Resources Group, RESIPA, Space Applications Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad – 380015, India
Present address: Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, 4 Kalidas Road, Dehradun‐248001, India
Publication date: 2006-02-20
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