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Application of multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis (MESMA) to AVIRIS imagery for coastal salt marsh mapping: a case study in China Camp, CA, USA

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Multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis (MESMA) was applied to the Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) imagery of a salt marsh in China Camp at San Pablo Bay, California. A nine‐endmember set representing materials within the scene was used including: two Salicornia and two soils, and Grindelia , Spartina , dry grass, water and shade. The resultant abundance maps were used to investigate the spatial distribution of the marsh vegetation species, Salicornia virginica , Grindelia Stricta and Spartina foliosa . The Spartina abundance map exhibited a well‐defined zone bordering the water and the lower marsh, which is in good agreement with the field observations made in 2002. Comparison of the Salicornia map with all six field global positional system (GPS) polygons indicates Salicornia was classified with high accuracy. The proposed approach did a good job in classifying Spartina and Salicornia which cover 93.81% of the total marsh. The Grindelia fraction image underestimates in some areas, while in other areas it shows false detection. This misclassification is attributed to the spectral similarity between Grindelia and Salicornia and to the small patch size of Grindelia . Further work is required to solve this confusion.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Geology, 723 West Michigan Street, Indiana University – Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202‐5132, USA 2: Center for Spatial Technologies and Remote Sensing, Department of Land, Air and Water Recourses, One Shield Avenue, University California, Davis, CA 95616, USA

Publication date: 2005-12-10

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