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Land cover classification from MODIS EVI times‐series data using SOM neural network

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Abstract:

A high‐dimensional dataset was built with time‐series data of vegetation indexes derived from a Terra–Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor used for land use/cover classification. The self‐organizing map (SOM) neural network technique can reduce the dimensionality of high‐dimensional data, yet keep the same topological characters in the low‐dimension space after dimension reduction. In this paper, we first employed the SOM neural network technique to classify land cover types using a 17‐dimensional dataset that was generated from 16‐day interval MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) data with a spatial resolution of 500┬ám in eastern China during the growing period of plants. Then, we defined an unlabelled class of neuron. Pixels matched to this type of neuron were regarded as unclassified land cover types, so that we could remove the poorly classified areas. Finally, the classification results were compared with those of the maximum likelihood classification (MLC) method. Comparison showed that the accuracy of the former exceeded that of the latter in classifying a high‐dimensional dataset.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160500206650

Affiliations: 1: Division of Soil and Water, National Institute of Environmental Studies, 16‐2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305‐8506, Japan 2: Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 9718, Beijing 100101, China

Publication date: 2005-11-20

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