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Estimation of Mediterranean forest attributes by the application of k‐NN procedures to multitemporal Landsat ETM+ images

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Routine applications of nonparametric estimation methods to satellite data for assisting the creation of forest inventories in Northern European countries are stimulating interest in the possible extension of these methods to more complex Mediterranean areas. This is the subject of the current work, which presents an experiment based on the integration of remotely sensed images and sample field measurements aimed at producing forest attribute maps in central Italy. Testing was carried out in an area where 370 geocoded field plots, sampled on a single‐stage cluster design, were collected to characterize wood and non‐wood forest attributes. These ground data served to apply various k‐Nearest Neighbour (k‐NN) estimation procedures to multitemporal Landsat 7 ETM+ images in order to map major forest attributes (basal area and simulated leaf area index, LAI). More specifically, the investigation focused on evaluating the effects of using satellite images from different periods of the growing season and spectral metrics of increasing complexity. The results achieved by the examined methods are finally discussed in order to provide guidelines for possible operational utilization.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: IBIMET, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze, Italy* 2: geoLAB, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Ambientali Forestali, University of Firenze, Italy 3: LAMMA, Regione Toscana, Firenze, Italy 4: Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Ambiente Forestale e delle sue Risorse, University of Tuscia, Italy 5: Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie per l'Ambiente e il Territorio, University of Molise, Italy

Publication date: 10 September 2005

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