Spectral and radiometric requirements for the airborne thermal imaging spectrometer ARES

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Abstract:

ARES (Airborne Reflective/Emissive Spectrometer) is an airborne imaging spectrometer for remote sensing of land surfaces covering the wavelength regions 0.45–2.45µm and 8–13µm with 160 channels. The instrument is being built by Integrated Spectronics, financed by DLR and GFZ, and will be available to the scientific community from 2005 on. This contribution presents the design of the thermal spectrometer covering the 8–13µm region with 32 channels of 150nm bandwidth while a separate paper treats the instrument specifications in the solar reflective region. The spectro‐radiometric design is based on scientific requirements derived from application scenarios comprising vegetation, soils of different compositions, and mineral exploration. The corresponding emissivity spectra are input for a simulation model that calculates at‐sensor radiance spectra, resamples them with the channel‐specific response functions, adds different amounts of sensor noise to the signal, and performs a retrieval to get the corresponding noisy surface emissivity spectra. The results of the simulation study indicate that a spectral wavelength accuracy of 3nm and a sensor noise equivalent temperature of 0.05–0.1K are required for an accurate retrieval of emissivity spectra.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431160500127658

Affiliations: 1: DLR‐ German Aerospace Center, Remote Sensing Data Center, D–82234 Wessling, Germany 2: GFZ – GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Remote Sensing Section, Division of Kinematics and Dynamics of the Earth, Telegrafenberg, D–14473 Potsdam, Germany

Publication date: August 10, 2005

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