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Integration of Corona and Landsat Thematic Mapper data for bedrock geological studies in the high Arctic

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The Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago near the continental edge in the Russian high Arctic is one of few land areas along the Eurasian Arctic margin. It is of particular interest for investigating the Arctic's tectonic history. This study focuses on the Palaeozoic bedrock of October Revolution Island. In the Russian high Arctic detailed topographic maps and aerial photography often are not available. The potential of low-cost satellite imagery as a substitute is shown in this study. High-resolution Corona KH-4A panchromatic satellite imagery and Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) multispectral data have been integrated. In combination with field investigations in key areas, these data provide the basis for new interpretations of the geology. Corona images were digitized and georeferenced to provide a basis for conventional and digital geological mapping. Merging Corona and Landsat TM data resulted in a high-resolution multispectral image of enhanced interpretability. Lithological contacts have been traced, supported by a bedrock image extracted from the Landsat TM data. Stereoscopic coverage of the Corona KH-4A photographic sensor allowed a structural interpretation. All results were integrated into a geological interpretation of southern October Revolution Island which provides an encouraging platform for further work in the high Arctic.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431160410001705097

Publication date: November 1, 2004

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