Tropical peat swamp forests store huge amounts of carbon, which is released to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide during fires. Recurrent peat swamp forest fires are local catastrophic events that can have a serious impact on the global carbon balance. Urgent tasks in this regard are the provision of information on the fire locations and magnitude of the carbon emissions. The experimental Bi-spectral InfraRed Detection (BIRD) satellite enables early detection of peat swamp forest fires and retrieval of their quantitative characteristics, such as the effective fire temperature, area and radiative energy release. The combination of ground truth measurements and data obtained by BIRD can improve the accuracy of estimates of carbon emissions into the atmosphere and related trace gas composition.
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Document Type: Research Article
DLR (German Aerospace Center) Rutherfordstrasse 2 D-12489 Berlin Germany
Centre for International Co-operation in Management of Tropical Peatland, Faculty of Agriculture University of Palangka Raya Palangka Raya 73112 Indonesia
Department of Geography University of Leicester Leicester LE1 7RH UK
School of Geography University of Nottingham Nottingham NG7 2RD UK
Publication date: 2004-08-01
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