Skip to main content

Hyperspectral indices for characterizing upland peat composition

Buy Article:

$63.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The erosion of blanket peat is a major environmental issue in the UK. Maps of erosion extent and peat composition, especially humification and moisture content, would aid our understanding of the erosion process and provide information for management decisions. HyMap images, acquired as part of the SAR and Hyperspectral Airborne Campaign (SHAC), were used to test candidate indices of peat composition for eroded blanket peat in the southern Pennines. Peat physical properties, including moisture content and degree of humification (measured as transmission), were derived in the laboratory and related to the remotely sensed data. Strong correlations were found between HyMap SWIR reflectance and transmission, but other peat physical properties were not significantly correlated. Spectral indices were calculated to express the depth of cellulose, lignin and water absorption features. Strong positive correlations were found between transmission and an adjusted cellulose absorption index (CAI), r 0.71, and the gradient of its shoulders between 2020 and 2200 nm, r 0.89. Other indices also performed well. Normalized indices performed better because they allowed for differences in brightness. Higher moisture content in poorly humified peats may have reinforced the effect of deeper ligno-celluloic absorptions, but further sampling is required to test this. The results suggest the potential for hyperspectral remote sensing to provide information on surface peat composition across large areas.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: School of Geography University of Manchester Oxford Road Manchester M13 9PL UK 2: School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences University of Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU UK

Publication date: 2004-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more