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Atmospheric corrections of single broadband channel and multidirectional airborne thermal infrared data: application to the ReSeDA experiment

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This study focused on atmospheric corrections of airborne thermal infrared remote sensing data acquired with a multidirectional and single broadband channel sensor during the ReSeDA experiment. For single channel sensors, atmospheric corrections are generally performed using atmospheric radiative transfer models such as MODTRAN 3.5 along with radiosoundings. A sensitivity study was performed using MODTRAN 3.5 simulations to assess the accuracy of the processing regarding the experimental context. It was shown that the local topography and the atmosphere spatial variability could affect significantly the radiosounding representativeness, whereas the fluctuations of the flight altitude around the nominal value induced non-negligible inaccuracies. Moreover, using a broadband sensor induced non-linear effects that required a second order correction and also the use of look-up tables to reduce computation time. A theoretical error was next proposed to account for both the sensor accuracy and the experimental uncertainties considered when performing the sensitivity study. This theoretical error was about 1°C, and agreed well with the results obtained when validating against field measurements.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: INRA Climat-Sol-Environnement, Domaine St Paul, Site Agroparc, 84914 Avignon Cedex 9, France

Publication date: 2003-08-01

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