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Use of normalized difference built-up index in automatically mapping urban areas from TM imagery

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Abstract:

Remotely sensed imagery is ideally used to monitor and detect land cover changes that occur frequently in urban and peri-urban areas as a consequence of incessant urbanization. It is a lengthy process to convert satellite imagery into land cover map using the existing methods of manual interpretation and parametric image classification digitally. In this paper we propose a new method based on Normalized Difference Built-up Index (NDBI) to automate the process of mapping built-up areas. It takes advantage of the unique spectral response of built-up areas and other land covers. Built-up areas are effectively mapped through arithmetic manipulation of re-coded Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and NDBI images derived from TM imagery. The devised NDBI method was applied to map urban land in the city of Nanjing, eastern China. The mapped results at an accuracy of 92.6% indicate that it can be used to fulfil the mapping objective reliably. Compared with the maximum likelihood classification method, the proposed NDBI is able to serve as a worthwhile alternative for quickly and objectively mapping built-up areas.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160304987

Affiliations: 1: College of Geographical Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China; e-mail: yzha@njnu.edu.cn 2: School of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand; e-mail: jg.gao@auckland.ac.nz 3: College of Geographical Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097

Publication date: 2003-02-01

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