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On-orbit performance of the Landsat-7 ETM+ radiometric calibrators

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The Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) incorporates two new devices to improve its absolute radiometric calibration: a Full Aperture Solar Calibrator (FASC) and a Partial Aperture Solar Calibrator (PASC). The FASC is a diffuser panel, typically deployed once per month. Initial FASC absolute calibration results were within 5% of the pre-launch calibrations. Over time, the responses of the ETM+ to the FASC have varied with the location viewed on the panel, suggesting a localized degradation or contamination of the panel. On the best part of the panel, the trends in response range from −1.4% y−1 (band 4) to +0.6% y−1 (band 7), with band 5 showing the least change at −0.4% y−1. Changes in the panel reflectance due to UV exposure are believed to be the origin of these trends. The PASC is a set of auxiliary optics that allows the ETM+ to image the Sun through reduced apertures. PASC data have normally been acquired on a daily basis. Unlike the FASC, the PASC has exhibited significant anomalies. During the first six months of operation, responses to the PASC increased up to 60%, sending bands 2, 3 and 8 into saturation (band 1 was saturated at launch). The short-wave infrared (SWIR) band individual detectors have shown variations up to ±20% in response to the PASC. The variation is different for each detector. After the first six months, the responses to the PASC have become more stable, with much of the variation related to the within-scan position of the solar image. Overall results to date for all calibrators and comparisons with vicarious calibrations indicate that most of the response variations have been due to the calibrators themselves and suggest that the instrument has been stable with changes in response of less than 0.5% y−1.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: NASA, Landsat Science Office, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 2: SSAI, Inc., Landsat Science Office, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 3: RITSS, Inc., Landsat Science Office, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 4: RITSS, Inc., EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, SD 57198, USA

Publication date: 2003-01-01

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